Сравнительная таблица времен (без группы Perfect Continuous)

Present Simple (Indefinite) -Active

V1 +(s) - (do/does)

usually, often, seldom, always, every (week), sometimes, three times a day, as a rule…

Present Continuous (Progressive) - Active

am / is/ are +V1ing (Participle I)

now, right now, at present, at the moment

Present Perfect - Active

have /has + V3 (Participle II)

already, just, yet, never, ever, this (week), today, since, for, recently, lately, up to now…

I often write letters.

She (he) writes letters every month.

(see, hear, feel, love, understand, like, know)

1) I am writing a letter now. (в момент речи)

2) He is writing a new novel at present. (временный характер)

3) We are coming back in a day. (ближайшее будущее)

4) She is always complaining of his life. (эмоциональная окраска)

1) He has already written a letter.

2) You have never been to England.

3) I have not seen him this week.

4) She has known me since childhood.

Present Simple (Indefinite) –Passive

am / is/ are + V3 (Participle II)

Letters are written often.

Present Continuous (Progressive) - Passive

am / is/ are + being +V3 (Participle II)

The letter is being written now.

Present Perfect - Passive

have /has + been + V3 (Participle II)

The letter has (just) been sent.

Past Simple -Active

V2 : пр.глV1+ed; непр.гл. - 2 колонка; (did)

yesterday, ago, last (week), in 1945, when…?

Past Continuous -Active

was/were + V1ing (Participle I)

at 3 o’clock, from 3 till 4 o’clock, all day long, When I came…

Past Perfect -Active

had + V3 (Participle II)

by 5 o’clock, by the end of the year, When I came…,

I wrote a letter to him yesterday.

He played tennis last Sunday.

He was translating the article all day long.

We were watching a movie when he phoned.

I was jogging from 5 till 6 pm. yesterday.

I had translated the article when he came.

He had written the novel by the end of the summer.

I liked the novel that he had written. (два действия в прошлом)

Past Simple -Passive

was/were + V3 (Participle II)

The letter was sent yesterday.

Past Continuous -Passive

was/were + being + V3 (Participle II)

When we came, the letter was being translated.

Past Perfect - Passive

had + been + V3 (Participle II)

When we came, the letter had been translated and sent.

Future Simple – Active

will + V1

tomorrow, soon, next (week), in an hour

Future Continuous – Active

will be + V1ing (Participle I)

from 3 till 4 o’clock, all day long, When I come…

Future Perfect – Active редко!

will have + V3 (Participle II)

by 5 o’clock, by the end of the year, When I come…,

I will write you every day.

He will start his own business in a couple of years.

I will be translating the article from 5 till 6 pm. tomorrow.

They will be revising Maths all day long tomorrow.

I will have translated the article by 5 pm. tomorrow.

Future Simple – Passive

will be + V3 (Participle II)

The letter will be translated tomorrow.

Future Continuous – Passive – очень редко

will be + being + V3 (Participle II)

The letter will be being translated at 5 o’clock.

Future Perfect – Passive очень редко!

will have + been + V3 (Participle II)

The letter will have been translated by 5 o’clock tomorrow.

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