Сравнительная таблица времен (без группы Perfect Continuous)
Present Simple (Indefinite) -Active
V1 +(s) - (do/does)
usually, often, seldom, always, every (week), sometimes, three times a day, as a rule…
Present Continuous (Progressive) - Active
am / is/ are +V1ing (Participle I)
now, right now, at present, at the moment
Present Perfect - Active
have /has + V3 (Participle II)
already, just, yet, never, ever, this (week), today, since, for, recently, lately, up to now…
I often write letters.
She (he) writes letters every month.
(see, hear, feel, love, understand, like, know) →
1) I am writing a letter now. (в момент речи)
2) He is writing a new novel at present. (временный характер)
3) We are coming back in a day. (ближайшее будущее)
4) She is always complaining of his life. (эмоциональная окраска)
1) He has already written a letter.
2) You have never been to England.
3) I have not seen him this week.
4) She has known me since childhood.
Present Simple (Indefinite) –Passive
am / is/ are + V3 (Participle II)
Letters are written often.
Present Continuous (Progressive) - Passive
am / is/ are + being +V3 (Participle II)
The letter is being written now.
Present Perfect - Passive
have /has + been + V3 (Participle II)
The letter has (just) been sent.
Past Simple -Active
V2 : пр.гл – V1+ed; непр.гл. - 2 колонка; (did)
yesterday, ago, last (week), in 1945, when…?
Past Continuous -Active
was/were + V1ing (Participle I)
at 3 o’clock, from 3 till 4 o’clock, all day long, When I came…
Past Perfect -Active
had + V3 (Participle II)
by 5 o’clock, by the end of the year, When I came…,
I wrote a letter to him yesterday.
He played tennis last Sunday.
He was translating the article all day long.
We were watching a movie when he phoned.
I was jogging from 5 till 6 pm. yesterday.
I had translated the article when he came.
He had written the novel by the end of the summer.
I liked the novel that he had written. (два действия в прошлом)
Past Simple -Passive
was/were + V3 (Participle II)
The letter was sent yesterday.
Past Continuous -Passive
was/were + being + V3 (Participle II)
When we came, the letter was being translated.
Past Perfect - Passive
had + been + V3 (Participle II)
When we came, the letter had been translated and sent.
Future Simple – Active
will + V1
tomorrow, soon, next (week), in an hour
Future Continuous – Active
will be + V1ing (Participle I)
from 3 till 4 o’clock, all day long, When I come…
Future Perfect – Active – редко!
will have + V3 (Participle II)
by 5 o’clock, by the end of the year, When I come…,
I will write you every day.
He will start his own business in a couple of years.
I will be translating the article from 5 till 6 pm. tomorrow.
They will be revising Maths all day long tomorrow.
I will have translated the article by 5 pm. tomorrow.
Future Simple – Passive
will be + V3 (Participle II)
The letter will be translated tomorrow.
Future Continuous – Passive – очень редко
will be + being + V3 (Participle II)
The letter will be being translated at 5 o’clock.
Future Perfect – Passive – очень редко!
will have + been + V3 (Participle II)
The letter will have been translated by 5 o’clock tomorrow.